Matatiele Manifesto - Some for all, forever!

We recognise the growth of fracking for extraction of unconventional gas globally, while we witness the worldwide resistance to this expansion of the fossil fuel industry.  In South Africa, people’s resistance to the fossil fuel expansion is evident in various corners of our land.  We have gathered in this critical water factory of Matatiele because the applications for exploration for gas, oil and coal with future fracking are most advanced here.

We reconfirm our commitments to the outcomes of the people’s gatherings in Steytlerville in May 2013 and Graaff Reinet in August 2014.  The struggle against fracking is embedded in responding to three challenges: ensuring an agro-ecology based on land reform and food sovereignty; securing our scarce water resources; and ensuring that people have a direct say in how energy is produced and used through the principle of energy sovereignty.  Critically, the people’s voices of this gathering were clear: “We say no to fracking.” This we reconfirm as an outcome of our dialogue.

Several transnational and local corporations, including Rhino Oil and Gas, Afro Energy, Sungu Sungu and Motuoane Energy, currently propose exploring for unconventional gas in our region, which, if discovered, will result in fracking in the shale and coal seams.  The global track record of the fracking and extractives industry is one of destroyed lands, polluted water and air and harm to people’s health and devastation of livelihoods.  Fracking has been banned in Scotland, Ireland, Wales, France, the Netherlands and most recently in Germany.  It has also been banned in various US States, including Maryland, New York and counties in California, Texas and Ohio.  We in South Africa must do the same.

In our dialogue we have shared our experiences with these corporations and the Petroleum Agency of South Africa (PASA) and noted the critical absence of relevant government departments and elected political leadership at public meetings where the exploration proposals are being pushed.  We are concerned that our democracy is being outsourced to consultants and corporations.  There is only a veneer of public participation which ignores our constitutional livelihood rights.

We shared experiences on the following:

There are alternatives in terms of the energy needed to power us and the ways to improve lives and livelihoods.  These are sustainable and successful in many places, including Matatiele.

We recognise that Eskom:

We heard from the local municipality that agriculture, tourism and nature come first in the Matatiele IDP, so we find it difficult to understand how the Rhino Oil and Gas application to frack in the uMzimvubu Catchment could be considered, let alone allowed to proceed by PASA.

We visited homesteads using alternative energy sources including biogas, the sun and the wind in the rural areas of Matatiele and noted the local innovation and innovators.  We have discussed the alternatives and affirmed that we can have energy without burning coal and fossil fuels.  Critically, there is “Life after Coal”.  We have seen this in Matatiele with our own eyes.

We have also witnessed gentle land use by local people who live with the land, restoring and nurturing the landscape to provide what is needed for themselves now, and their children in future.  These sustainable livelihoods are improving with time through the uMzimvubu Catchment Partnership, an alliance worthy of duplication for sustainable development in our rural areas.

We have watched documentaries about the environmental injustices and impacts of fracking and extraction on communities and our hearts were broken again by the images of the brutality of the state and private companies in the pursuit of our country’s wealth extracted from the ground. 

We also understand that extraction and burning of fossil fuel leads to climate change and that Africa is and will be worst affected by the impacts, and that fossil fuels extraction and burning damages what very little arable land, clean water and air we have left for adaptation.  We have to adapt and become resilient to what is in store for us in terms of climate change impacts.  We have no choice but to move away from fracking and fossil fuel extraction if we want to survive.  We will work with our municipalities to ensure that at the local level where we use energy, we are in control of generating and sharing local, safe, renewable and affordable energy for all.

Based upon our experiences, on our dialogue, and on what we have witnessed in Matatiele, we reaffirmed that our lives and livelihoods are supported by the ecosystems we are destroying, so we will do all it takes to safeguard them for future generations.  We say no to exploration and extraction!

Mawubuye umhlaba wethu – Bring back our land

Some for all, forever!